Geography of Iceland

Geography of Iceland 

European island in the North Atlantic (3 hours' flight from London, 5 ½ hours from New York). It is 103,000 km² (39,756 square. miles) or 42% of the size of UK. 


Location:

Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom (65 00 N, 18 00 W).

 

Terrain: 

mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, ice fields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Natural resources: fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite.

 

Height:

Iceland is an island with an average height of 500 m above sea level.  Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, rises to 2.119 m and over 11 per cent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe.